The benefits of red wine are discussed for some time. A lot of people think that one glass of red wine is an amazing part of a healthy diet, and some people think that red wine is overrated.
Studies constantly show that drinking red wine in moderate amounts can reduce lower the risk of some diseases, such as heart disease. However, the line between excessive and moderate intake is very fine. In this article you learn a lot more about red wine and the health effects of drinking it.
The French Paradox
You can produce red wine by fermenting whole, dark-colored grapes. It contains a lot of antioxidants and if you drink it in moderate amounts you can improve your health. People think that red wine is the reason for the “French paradox”.
It is a phrase which refers to the conclusion that the French actually have low rates of heart disease, even though they consume cholesterol and saturated fats. A lot of experts think that red wine was the dietary agent that protects the French population from the dangerous effects of all these nutrients.
However, there are new studies and they show that saturated fats and dietary cholesterol cannot cause heart disease if you consume them reasonably.
The obvious reason because the French are healthy is because they eat a lot of whole food and have healthier lifestyle.
A lot of people think that red wine is the reason for the good health of the French population. This is the main explanation for the phrase: French paradox.
Red Wine Is full of potent antioxidants and plant Compounds
Grapes contain a lot of antioxidants. Some of them are catechin, resveratrol, proanthocyanidins and epicatechin. It is believed that all of them, especially proanthocyanidins and resveratrol are the reason for all health benefits of red wine. Proanthocyanidins can decrease the oxidative damage in the body and they protect you from cancer and heart disease.
The resveratrol is present in the grape skin. It can be produced by some plants, like a response to injury or damage. It is an antioxidant that is related to different health benefits, such as blood clotting and fighting inflammation, and it can also reduce the risk of cancer and heart disease.
Resveratrol = Exercise?
One preliminary study from 2012 that was conducted on rats said that resveratrol can give you the exact same benefits for muscle strength and heart function just like exercise. Some researchers say, “Certain benefits of regular exercise may be mimicked by the polyphenol, resveratrol, which is naturally occurring”.
But the amount of resveratrol in red wine is actually low and you would need to drink few bottles daily in order to achieve that. We do not recommend this. If you want to drink red wine because of the resveratrol, it is recommended to take supplements instead.
The potent plant compounds present in red wine are related to different health benefits, such as reduced inflammation, reduced risk of cancer and heart diseases and prolonged lifespan.
Red Wine can reduce the Risk of stroke, Heart Disease and Early Death
Small amounts of red wine are related to different health benefits than other alcoholic drink. Some of them are in a J-shaped curve which explains the connection between the risk of heart disease and wine intake.
People who enjoy drinking around 150 ml of red wine daily can have around 32% reduced risk than people who do not drink. You have to know that drinking it in excessive amounts can raise risk of heart disease.
If you drink small quantities of red wine you can decrease the risk of heart disease. It does that by retaining the good cholesterol in the blood. The oxidative damage and the oxidation of the bad cholesterol can be decreased by 50%.
Certain studies show that populations that are at a high risk of heart disease, such as old people, can have more benefit even of you drink wine moderately.
Additionally, if you drink 1 to 3 glasses of red wine daily, 3 to 4 days weekly you can decrease the risk of stroke among middle-aged man.
There was one study that also showed that drinking 2 to 3 glasses of dealcoholized red wine daily can decrease blood pressure.
Different studies have shown that people who drink wine moderately have lower risk of death caused by heart disease, compared to people who drink spirit and beer drinkers.
If you drink 1 to 2 glasses of red wine daily you can decrease the risk of stroke and heart disease. Drinking high amounts can raise the risk.
Other Health Benefits of Consuming Red Wine
Red wine is related to different health benefits, and a lot of them are attributed to its powerful antioxidants.
Drinking red wine is related to:
• Decreased risk of cancer:
Studies have proven that drinking wine moderately is related with a reduced risk of some types of cancers, such as basal cell, colon, prostate and ovary cancer.
• Decreased risk of dementia:
Drinking 1 to 3 glasses of wine daily has been related to decreased risk of Alzheimer’s diseases and dementia.
• Decreased risk of depression:
Middle aged and old people discovered that people who drink 2 to 7 glasses of wine weekly were less likely to become depressed.
• Decreased insulin resistance:
If you drink 2 glasses daily or dealcoholized red wine for 4 weeks you can reduce the resistance of insulin.
• Decreased risk of type 2 diabetes among women:
Drinking red wine moderately is related with decreased risk of developing type 2 diabetes among women.
It looks like that drinking moderate amounts of red wine might be good for you. However, there are also certain negative aspects that you have to think about that are discussed below.
Drinking red wine moderately can reduce the risk of some types of cancers, depression and dementia. It can also raise insulin sensitivity and decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes among women.
Drinking a lot of alcohol can also have negative effects
If you drink red wine moderately you can get different health benefits, but if you drink alcohol in excessive amount the health effects will be reduced.
• Alcohol dependence:
Drinking a lot of alcohol can lead to alcoholism.
• Liver cirrhosis:
If you drink more than 30 gr. of alcohol (around 2 to 3 glasses of wine) daily, the risk of getting liver disease will be increased: the end-stage liver disease, which is called cirrhosis, can be life threatening.
• Raised risk of depression:
People who drink too much have a lot more higher risk of depression than people who drink moderately or people who do not drink.
• Weight gain:
Red wine has twice the amount of calories like sugary soft drinks and beer. Drinking excessive amounts can be the reason for weight gain.
• Raised risk of diseases and death:
If you drink a lot of wine, maybe just 1 to 3 days weekly, the risk of diabetes among men can be increased. Drinking a lot of alcohol is related to increased risk of premature death.
Drinking a lot of red wine or other alcoholic beverages can lead to alcoholism, weight gain and liver cirrhosis. It can raise the risk of disease, depression and premature death.
How much red wine you should drink?
If you enjoy drinking red wine, you do not have to be worried if you do not exceed the recommended amount.
In America and Europe, moderate red wine consumption is:
• 1 to 1.5 glasses daily for women.
• 1 to 2 glasses daily.
Certain sources recommend drinking 1 to 2 days weekly without drinking alcohol.
You should know that this refers to the total alcohol consumption. If you drink this amount of red wine while drinking other alcoholic drinks you can be in the range of excessive consumption.
Drinking red wine moderately is 1 to 2 glasses of wine daily. You should have 1 or 2 days in the week that will be alcohol free.
Take Home Message
Even though red wine is related to certain health benefits, you should know that none of them can be the reason for encouraging alcohol consumption.
You can improve your health without drinking alcohol.
However, if you still want to drink red wine, you should stop only if you drink too much.
Remember that you should drink no more than 1 to 2 glasses daily. This means you are on the right track.